Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection that affects the tissue surrounding your teeth. This infection is caused by plaque, or the sticky film that forms on the teeth and needs to be cleaned and removed daily. If plaque is not removed, it will build up and irritate gum tissues causing them to bleed and swell. As more plaque builds up, it gradually hardens and becomes tartar that had a rough surface, which encourages more plaque buildup.
As gum becomes inflamed and irritated, the periodontal fibers that hold it against the teeth will get damaged, creating spaces between the gum and teeth, which again encourages more bacteria and eventually leads to tooth loss.
The start of gum disease
Gum disease can start at an early age with gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums. as gum disease can be virtually painless, regular maintenance and visits to your hygienist are important. your hygienist will detect the presence of periodontal disease in its early stages.
Advanced gum disease
If gum disease is left untreated, it can turn into a more advanced stage known as periodontitis. This infection can ruin the gums and other tissue that surrounds your teeth. Eventually, your teeth may have to be removed.
Basic care for your gums
By taking these simple steps, you can prevent most problems with your gums and teeth:
- Brush your teeth twice a day, and take the time to brush carefully from all sides and along the gum line
- Floss between your teeth every day
- Visit your hygienist regularly for a professional teeth cleaning to get rid of accumulated plaque and detect any signs of gum disease
These healthy habits can prevent gum disease and cavities that can lead to pain and even tooth loss.
Maple Dental Hygiene Care